The importance of managing your pension as a self-employed high earner, and how we can help

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Saving for retirement can be challenging if you’re self-employed. Here is why it’s important to build and manage wealth within your pension and how we can help.

If you are a self-employed high earner, you will know that although there are freedoms to being self-employed, having sole responsibility for your finances poses distinct challenges.

Employed individuals often benefit from greater financial security within their role, including long-term sick pay, employer pension contributions and auto-enrolment, and even financial protection such as life insurance.

But if you’re self-employed, it is up to you to protect and secure your financial future.

One crucial aspect of your future plans is likely to be retirement – particularly the age at which you will stop working, and the lifestyle you would like to have when you get there. And of course, a significant source of your retirement income is likely to be your pension.

Sadly, the Great British Retirement Survey 2023, conducted and published by Work/Redefined, reveals that 76% of self-employed people do not regularly pay into their pensions, and 38% don’t have one at all.

As such, even if you are a high earner, that does not mean it is easy to build substantial pension wealth without professional guidance. In this article you will read about:

  • Two types of pension pot that could help self-employed people save for retirement
  • The importance of understanding the pensions Annual Allowance
  • How correct self-assessment could boost your pension savings
  • The benefits of saving for retirement with the help of a financial planner.

Keep reading to learn all you need to know about building and managing your pension wealth as a self-employed high earner.

2 types of pensions available to self-employed earners

Saving into a pension allows you to invest money tax-efficiently throughout your career, helping you to form a pot of wealth to draw from in retirement.

Let’s take a look at two types of pension pot that self-employed people could use for this purpose.

1. A personal or private pension pot

A personal or private pension pot is a type of defined contribution (DC) pension, and functions much the same as a workplace pension. If you’re self-employed, you could set up your own personal pension pot and contribute into it throughout your career.

Just like a workplace pension, the money you place into a personal pension pot is invested on your behalf by the pension provider. These follow the same rules as other DC pensions:

  • You can’t normally access your funds until you are 55 (rising to 57 in 2028)
  • There are two main drawdown options, lump sum or flexi-access, to choose from – or you could buy an annuity with your pot when you reach retirement
  • When you draw your funds, 25% of your pot may be taken tax-free, but the additional 75% is normally subject to your marginal rate of Income Tax.

What’s more, contributing into a DC pension usually attracts government tax relief. We’ll discuss tax relief in more detail later in this article.

Remember, personal pension pots are available to any adult. If you have a spouse who does not work or earns less than you, for example, you could pay into their private pension as well as your own, helping you to build pension wealth for your whole family.

You could also have more than one pot for yourself, but bear in mind that tax-efficient allowances apply across all the pensions you hold.

2. Self-invested personal pension

A self-invested personal pension (SIPP) is another type of DC pension available to anyone, but could be especially useful for self-employed earners who do not benefit from a workplace pension scheme.

SIPPs function very similarly to a personal pension pot in terms of the allowances that apply, drawdown regulations, and the age at which you can access your funds.

However, one key difference between them is that SIPPs require you to actively invest the money you place into the pot, rather than your provider investing on your behalf.

Within a SIPP, you could invest in a diverse range of assets, including:

  • Stocks and shares
  • Investment trusts
  • Funds
  • Unit trusts
  • Gilts and bonds
  • Cash
  • Corporate funds
  • Commodities such as gold
  • Commercial property
  • Land.

Each provider has their own regulations and investment options, so it may be wise to look at any individual SIPP investment guidelines carefully.

Overall, a SIPP provides you with an investment platform in which you could build a retirement fund tax-efficiently.

The Annual Allowance offers tax-efficient investment opportunities within your pension

As you build your pension wealth through regular contributions, it is crucial to understand one key tax-efficient measure: the pensions Annual Allowance.

The Annual Allowance is the maximum amount you can contribute to your pension in a single tax year without facing an additional tax charge. As of the 2023/24 tax year, and set to continue into 2024/25, it stands at £60,000, or 100% of your earnings, for most people.

For those earning an adjusted net income of £260,000 or more, the Annual Allowance is tapered down to a minimum of £10,000, depending on how much you earn over this threshold.

Importantly, at the time of writing, it is possible to carry forward three years’ worth of unused Annual Allowance. So, if you’re just starting to sort out your pension savings, you could make up for lost time in this way.

When you look at the generous Annual Allowance, you may realise just how many tax-efficient investment opportunities lie within your pension. If you are able to, paying as much as you can into your pension within your Annual Allowance could help you:

  • Save more for retirement. As the Great British Retirement Survey 2023 revealed, three-quarters of self-employed people are not regularly paying into their pensions. Yet your pension is an essential cornerstone of your retirement security, so maximising your contributions within the Annual Allowance could be very beneficial.
  • Pay less Income Tax. Your pension contributions are tax-deductible, meaning that increasing your pension contributions (as long as they remain within the Annual Allowance) could reduce your Income Tax bill.
  • Invest tax-efficiently. Remember that a pension is a tax-efficient investment vehicle, just like an Individual Savings Account (ISA). Returns within your pension are not subject to Income Tax or Capital Gains Tax (CGT), so you could grow your wealth tax-efficiently within this handy tax wrapper.
  • Ringfence money for inheritance. Personal pension pots and SIPPs are not usually subject to Inheritance Tax (IHT), as pensions are not generally considered to be part of your estate. So, contributing as much as you can into your pension each year could allow you to ringfence funds for your beneficiaries tax-efficiently.
  • Receive government tax relief. You can usually claim tax relief on pension contributions made within the Annual Allowance. Your pension provider is likely to claim basic-rate relief automatically, but if you are a higher- or additional-rate taxpayer, you could claim the maximum relief through self-assessment each year.

No matter how much you earn, utilising your Annual Allowance to build tax-efficient pension wealth could benefit both you and your loved ones throughout your life.

If you are likely to have a tapered Annual Allowance, speaking to a financial planner could help you work out how much yours is likely to be, and what this may mean for your retirement savings.

Work with a Kellands financial planner to manage your pension as a self-employed high earner

While you may have plenty of information about building and managing your pension wealth at your fingertips, you could worry that you don’t have the time or resources to effectively save for retirement.

Indeed, our self-employed clients often reveal that they feel “time poor”, meaning that while they are earning plenty of money, they don’t have enough time for in-depth retirement planning.

That’s why working with a professional could come in handy. We understand that as a self-employed individual, saving for a secure future is entirely down to you – and our financial planners are here to help make this journey smoother and more successful at every stage.

Talking to an experienced financial planner about your pension could:

  • Help you set up regular pension contributions. Paying into your pension sporadically could mean you lose track of how much you pay in each year and cause you to fall short of your retirement goals. We can help you set up regular contributions that serve your financial goals.
  • Work out your ideal retirement age. Whether you run a business or work as a self-employed barrister, a Kellands financial planner will assist you in working out when you can retire. Once you know what your goal is, we’ll help you take the financial steps needed to afford a secure, comfortable retirement.
  • Guide you through using your pension as a tax-efficient investment vehicle. With several tax thresholds set to either decrease or remain frozen in the 2024/25 tax year, paying attention to your tax bill is more important than ever. We’re here to help you form a tax strategy, including using your pension as a tax-efficient investment vehicle among other key mitigation steps.
  • Offer much-needed peace of mind. Ultimately, it’s understandable that you may worry about retirement as a self-employed person. Our experts are here to assess your circumstances and help you make data-driven choices about your future.

It is never too early to form a retirement plan, especially if you are self-employed. Email hale@kelland.co.uk, or call 0161 929 8838 to speak to an experienced financial planner.

Please note

This article is for general information only and does not constitute advice. The information is aimed at retail clients only.

All contents are based on our understanding of HMRC legislation, which is subject to change.

The Financial Conduct Authority does not regulate tax planning or estate planning.

A pension is a long-term investment not normally accessible until 55 (57 from April 2028). The fund value may fluctuate and can go down, which would have an impact on the level of pension benefits available. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.

The tax implications of pension withdrawals will be based on your individual circumstances. Thresholds, percentage rates, and tax legislation may change in subsequent Finance Acts.

Your pension income could also be affected by the interest rates at the time you take your benefits. The tax implications of pension withdrawals will be based on your individual circumstances, tax legislation, and regulation, which are subject to change in the future.

The value of your investments (and any income from them) can go down as well as up and you may not get back the full amount you invested. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.

Investments should be considered over the longer term and should fit in with your overall attitude to risk and financial circumstances.

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